Kalibanga Museum is an ancient and historical place of Rajasthan’s Hanumangarh district. Ancient Darshwati and Saraswati river valley At present, the area of Ghaggar river also originated from the Sandhav civilization in ancient Kalibanga civilization. Kalibanga is believed to be more ancient than 4000 B.C. Kali Banga was a small town. Here have been found a fort.
Kalibanga was first discovered by Amalananda Ghosh in 1952.
About the Kalibanga
The Kalibanga Museum was established in 1983 to keep the found objects from Harappan digging between 1961-69. Kalibanga Museum is located approximately twenty kilometers from Hanumangarh.
Excavation at Kalibanga place located in Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan, it is known from the remains of the 26-foot-high western mound in 1961. It is known that about 4000 years ago the Harappan-carpet civilization was flourishing along the banks of the Saraswati river. Kalibanga is located near Pilibanga in the Hanumangarh district.
On-time of the Mahabharata, the Saraswati had disappeared and till the 13th century, it was got it in Sutlej, Vyas. Saraswati was dried in the sandy part due to low water content.
According to vakanser , more than 200 cities were settled on the banks of the Saraswati river, which is Contemporaneous of Harappan. For this reason, it should be called ‘Civilization of Saraswati river’ in place of ‘Civilization of Sindhuti’.
Archaeological materials derived from Kalibanga which Under the leadership of Rakhal Das Banerjee and Dayaram Sahni in 1922
Through the excavation of Mohan-Jodado and Harappa (now located in Larkana district in Pakistan), the relics of Harappa or Indus Valley civilization were found, from whom the ancient civilization was discovered 4500 years ago. Later, about 100 centres of this civilization were discovered, in which the Kalibanga region of Rajasthan is very important. After Mohan-Jodro and Harappa, Kalibanga is the third-largest city of Harappa culture.
The excavation of one of the mounds is found in the form of the following relics, whose characteristics make their contribution to the development of Indian civilization –
1. Copper tools and statues
Remnants derived from the excavation in Kalibanga have found copper tools, weapons, and idols, which reveal that human stone had entered the age of era from the era.
It was called Kalibanga due to the black copper Bangle found in it. It is important that the word ‘wanga’ in Punjabi means a Bangle, hence kalibanga means black bangs.
From Kalibanga, the seals made on the soil of the Indus Valley (Harappa) civilization have been found, on which there are articles in Taurus and other animals and in the scriptures, which have not yet been read. This script was written from right to left.
3.Copper or clay sculptures animal-bird and human creations
Animals have found idols of bulls, monkeys and birds, which show animal husbandry, and bulls being used in agriculture.
4. Measurement divisions
This era was Using the division of measuring human was learned.
Various types of pottery have also been received from Kalibanga, which are also painted.
Jewellery made of various types of women and men, such as glass, oyster, shellfish, snails etc. are also found, such as bracelets, bangles etc.
Like the Mohan-Jodro and Harappa, there are houses, doors, wide roads, wells, drains, etc. made of brick-cracked bricks made from sun-dried in Kalibanga, which are built according to the pre-plan, on the city-planning, sanitation, drinking water arrangements etc. of the then human Put light. Unlike Mohean Jodado, Kalibanga’s house was made of brick bricks.
8. Agricultural-related relics
The lines obtained from the solution received from Kalibanga also have been obtained which prove that the human agricultural work was also done here. It is also confirmed by the bull and other pet statues. Bones and bones of barasingha have also been received. Bullock cart toys are also found.
Metal and clay toys have also been obtained from here, which reveal the attraction of children’s entertainment.
From Kalibanga, the Arctic and oval fireplaces and bulls, the bands of Barsinghee, reveal that here also the animal sacrificed animal sacrifice.
In the form of sources of the above residues, Kalibanga and Indus Valley are their special place in the civilization.
Because some archaeologists have settled on the Saraswati coast, the Kalibanga civilization feels more appropriate to say ‘Saraswati Valley Civilization’
How to reach Kalibanga Museum Hanuamgarh
Near Railway Station Kalibanga – Pilibanga 6 KM