Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve is a very famous national park located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of the state of Assam, India. Kaziranga National Park is one such national park in the world, which is famous for the largest population (two-thirds) of one-horned rhinoceros. According to the census in March 2015, there were about 2,401 rhinos in Kaziranga National Park. This national park has been declared a World Heritage Site in 1985. This park is also called the home of Indian tigers.
Kaziranga National Park History
On 1 June 1905, an area of 232 square kilometres was made the Kaziranga Proposed Reserve Forest. This place was declared a reserve forest in 1908. It was renamed Kaziranga Game Reserve in 1916. Later in the year 1950, this park was made Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary. In 1968, the Assam National Park Act was passed and Kaziranga was declared a national park. On 11 February 1974, this park got official recognition from the Indian government. Please tell that the name of Kaziranga National Park is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Animals In Kaziranga National Park
The one-horned rhinoceros, wild water buffalo (Wild Water Buffalo) and eastern swamp deer in Kaziranga National Park are famous for being the most populated in the world. Altogether 35 mammal species are found in this national park, but 15 of them are now in danger. Apart from this, other animals found in Kaziranga include elephant, gaur, sambar, wild boar, Bengal fox, golden jackal, sloth bear, Indian montjack, Indian grey nebula, and small Indian nebula. Along with this, one-horned rhinoceros, wild water buffalo, swamp deer, Asiatic elephant and royal Bengal tiger are found the most. In Kaziranga, there is one tiger per 5 sq km. In addition, the park has a population of 118 feral cats.
If we talk about the birds found in Kaziranga, then these include white-fronted goose, ferruginous duck, bare pochard duck, black-necked stork, Asian openbill cork, Blyth’s kingfisher, white-bellied heron, Dalmatian pelican, spotted- Contains the names of the builds. Three species of vultures are found in this national park. Whose names are the Indian Vulture (Indian Vulture), Slender Vulture (Cylinder Build Vulture), and Indian White Vulture.
Flora In Kaziranga National Park
The rich variety of flora found in Kaziranga attracts tourists visiting here every year and gives them a different peace of mind. The national park is a floodplain area of the Brahmaputra river, which helps the plants, animals and birds found here.
Three major types of vegetation are found in Kaziranga National Park, which includes many types of grasses. In addition to large grasses, and small grasses, tropical wet and evergreen forests are found here. The aquatic flora found here like lotus, hyacinth and water lilies etc. make the environment of this place very beautiful. According to the survey conducted in the year 1986, 41% tall elephant grass, 29% open forest, 11% short grass, 8% rivers and other water sources, 6% sand and 4% swampland were found here. go.
Kaziranga National Park Wildlife Safari
There are two types of safaris, elephant safaris and jeep safaris available to tourists visiting Kaziranga National Park. With the help of both these safaris, you can see the fascinating view of the fauna and forests of Kaziranga National Park.
Jeep Safari in Kaziranga National Park
In Kaziranga National Park, you can travel by jeep safaris or modern SUV safaris. In a jeep safari in Kaziranga National Park, you will be able to see the animals found here like the Indian rhinoceros, wild buffalo, Indian elephant, black bear, sambar, macaque, sloth bear, wild boar, Indian leopard, and many other types of birds.
Jeep Safari Timing Kaziranga
If you are looking for jeep safari timings in Kaziranga National Park from 07:00 AM to 09:30 AM or 1:30 PM to 3:30 PM.
Elephant Safari in Kaziranga National Park
Elephant safaris in Kaziranga are conducted twice a day (morning and evening) by the forest department. Four tourists and one elephant driver are allowed to sit on an elephant safari. This safari fee includes both the ride fee and the entrance fee.
Kaziranga Elephant Safari Rides Timing
Elephant safaris in Kaziranga can be done from 05:30 am to 07:30 am or 3:00 pm to 4:00 pm in the afternoon.
Best Time To Visit Kaziranga National Park
The best time to visit Kaziranga National Park is from November to April. Assam receives heavy rainfall during and before monsoon. Due to this, the Brahmaputra river is at its peak. Therefore, floods occur in the Kaziranga National Park, due to which the low-lying areas and the plains get inundated. During heavy rains, the animals of Kaziranga National Park migrate from one area to another. Therefore, travelling to Kaziranga from November to April will be very pleasant for you.
How To Reach Kaziranga National Park
The nearest airport to Jorhat city for going to Kaziranga National Park is
The nearest railway station from Kaziranga is Furkin is located at a distance of 80 km.
Kaziranga is very well connected to the major cities of the world with the help of National Highway 37.
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