Lohagarh Fort is located in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan. Lohagarh Fort is an important tourist destination of Rajasthan along with Bharatpur. The Lohagarh fort is immortalized in history in the name of the invincible fort and its steely fortitude.
And this fort is also known as Ajay Durg and Iron Fort. The Lohagarh Fort Bharatpur railway station, located on the Delhi-Mumbai railroad is 03 kilometers away and about 40 kilometers from Mathura.
Bharatpur, located in the east of Rajasthan, is called Singhdwar in Rajasthan. Bharatpur was a princely state of Jat kings. Who was famous for his arrogance and stubbornness.
The Lohagarh fort was built by Maharaja Suraj Mal of the Jat dynasty of Bharatpur on 19 February 1733. Maharaja Suraj Mal is also known as Jato Plato ie Jat of Aflatoon.
The specialty of Loha garh fort is the thick wall of mud around the fort. At the time of construction, the first strong fortified stone high wall was built. In order to avoid the impact of the bullets of these walls, hundreds of feet wide mud walls were built around these walls and deep and wide moats were filled with water in them.
In such a situation, it was difficult to cross the water and climb on the flat wall. This is the reason why it was difficult to attack this fort.
Because the shells fired from the cannon would sink into the mud wall and their fire would cool down. Despite firing such a number of such shells, the stone wall of this fort remains intact. Hence the enemies could never enter inside this fort.
According to the British historian James Tad, who wrote the history of Rajasthan, “The biggest feature of this fort is that its walls are made of mud.” Despite this, conquering this fort was nothing short of a chewing iron gram. “
There are three palaces in the Lohagarh Fort which include the names of Mahal Khas, Kamra Mahal and Badan Singh’s Palace. This fort structure also includes other monuments such as Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas and Kothi Khas.
The palace Khas was built by Suraj Mal, one of the three palaces built by Jato in the fort during 1730 and 1850. This palace special also has a curved roof and balcony which is made of magnificent carvings and is characterized by Jat style.
History Of Lohagarh Fort Bharatpur Rajasthan
There are two bastions of Lohagarh Fort, the first of which is Jawahar Burj on one corner, which was built in 1805 as a commemoration of the attack on Delhi by Jat Maharaj and his victory. And second, the Fatah Burj on the other corner, which was built in 1805 to liberate and defeat the sixes of the English army.
There are two gates inside the fort, one of which is in the north and is known as the Ashtadhatu or eight-metal gate. This door has its own unique feature. It is said that the Ashtadhatu Gate was the gate of the Chittorgarh Fort.
At the end of the 13th century, Alauddin Khilji was looted from Chittorgarh Fort and taken to Delhi. When the Jats attacked Delhi in 1764, Ashtadhatu brought the gate back to Bharatpur from Delhi. And they installed it in Lohagad Fort.
When the Holkar King Jashwantrao fled to Bharatpur while fighting the English forces. Jat King Ranjit Singh had promised him that we will sacrifice everything to save you. Lord Lake, the commander-in-chief of the British Army, sent a message to Jat Raja Ranjit Singh of Bharatpur that either Jaswantrao Holkar should be handed over to the British or else be ready for war.
This threat was completely against the nature of the Jat king. Jat kings have been famous for their pride and pride. The blood of Jat king Ranjit Singh boiled and sent a message to Lord Lake that he should try his courage.
We have learned to fight, not bow down. Lord Lake, the commander of the English army, felt this very bad and immediately attacked Bharatpur with a heavy army.
The Jat forces stood fearlessly. The British army was firing the shells with cannon, and those shells were being carried in the belly of the clay fort of Bharatpur. Even after the fierce attack of cannon bullets, when the fort of Bharatpur remained intact, there was surprise and sensation in the English army.
Lord Lake himself was amazed to see and assess the amazing potential of this fort. The message of the treaty was then sent. King Ranjit Singh once again challenged the English army. The British army was constantly getting logistics and ammunition and it was continuing its offensive.
But wow! The forts of Bharatpur, and the Jat forces, who stood steadfastly withstood the attacks of the British and smiled. Historians say that English forces led by Lord Lake attacked this fort 13 times and always had to face it. And the British forces had to return.
From the salary of every employee of the princely state, 1 paisa was deposited in the account of religion every month. There were also two accounts of this religion, the money of Hindu employees was deposited in the account of Hinduism and the money of Muslim employees was collected in the account of Islam religion.
The huge amount deposited in these accounts from the monthly deduction of employees was used in the use of religious establishments. The Lakshman Temple and the Ganga Temple were built on the account of the religion of the Hindus, while on the account of the religion of the Muslims, a very large mosque was built in the middle of the city.
The rulers of Bharatpur promoted the spirit of cooperation and harmony between Hindus and Muslims. Such examples of secularism are amazing.