The Mahi Dam, located in the Banswara district of Rajasthan state was constructed as a part of the Mahi Bajaj Sagar Project. Mahi is a river in western India. It starts in Madhya Pradesh, and after flowing into the Vagad region of Rajasthan, enters Gujarat and joins The Arabian Sea. The Mahi River is worshiped by many people and has many templesand places of worship on its banks. Due to the vastness of the river, it is popularly described as Mahisagar.
Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam Banswara
There are a large number of islands inside the catchment area of the Mahi Dam, hence Banswara is also popular as the “City of Hundred Islands”. The dam is located at a distance of 16 km from Banswara district and is easily accessible by road.
The dam was constructed between 1972 and 1983 to meet the objectives of hydroelectric power generation and water supply. It is the second-largest dam in Rajasthan. It is named after Mr. Jamnala Bajaj. It has many crocodiles and turtles. The dam has a capacity of 140 MW power generation. The Mahi River flowing in the Gulf of Khambhat is on the verge of extinction due to pollution and salts.
History of Mahi Dam Banswara
The concept of the Mahi Bajaj Sagar project began in the last years of the sixties. The foundation stone of this ambitious, multipurpose, interstate project was laid in 1960 by the late Shri Morarji Desai, the then Finance Minister of the Government of India. The project was named after the late Shri Jamnalal Bajaj, a famous freedom fighter and national leader. The Mahi River originates from Sardarpura village in Dhar district in Madhya Pradesh and joins the MP Rajasthan and Gujarat via the Gulf of Khambhat in the state of Gujarat. In terms of water potential, the Mahi river basin is the third largest of the fifteen well-defined and discriminated river basins in the state of Rajasthan. Among the rivers, Irava, Chap, Nori, Anas, Jakam, Som is the major tributaries of the river Mahi. However, rivers other than Iruyu are diverted to the Mahi mainstream from the Mahi dam.
The original project proposal envisages 46,500 hectares. The CCA was approved by the Planning Commission and Central Water and Power The commission in the year 1971. Major construction activities were started in 1972 and the project was dedicated to the nation in 1.11.1983 by the Honorable Prime Minister Late Smt Indira Gandhi.