Ranthambore Fort is located in the Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan state. Ranthambore Durg is a fort built 13 km from Sawai Madhopur Railway Station on the Delhi-Mumbai rail route and 12 km in circumference at a height of 71 meters above sea level between the hills named ran and Thamb. There is a natural moat in the three more hills of the fort, which makes the fort’s defense strong and invincible.
On 21 June 2013, Ranthambore Fort was declared as World Heritage at the 36th meeting of UNESCO’s Global Committee on Heritage. It is an important tourist destination of Rajasthan.
There are also three Hindu temples inside the Ranthambore Fort, one of which is the temple of Ganesh, Shiva, and Ramlalji, which were built in the 12th and 13th centuries with red Karauli stone. The fort also has a Jain temple of Lord Sumatinath (the fifth Jain pilgrim) and Lord Sambhavnath. Ranthambore Fort is a powerful fort.
History of Ranthambore fort Sawai madhopur
Manufacturing period of Ranthambore Fort. Ranthambore Fort was built by the Chauhan ruler, but the name of the ruler is still unclear. But most people believe that the fort was built in 944 CE at the time of Sapaldaksh.
According to another legend, the fort was built in 1110 CE under the empire of Jayant. According to the Amber Development and Management Authority of the Government of Rajasthan, its construction began in the mid-10th century at the time of sapaldksh and lasted for a few centuries. The role of Rao Hammir Dev Chauhan is considered to be prominent in the construction of this fort.
Alauddin Khilji tried to capture the fort during 1300 AD but failed to do so. After three unsuccessful attempts, his army eventually captured the Ranthambore Fort in the 13th century and ended Chauhan’s reign. Akbar took over the fort after three centuries and dissolved the Ranthambore kingdom in 1558. The fort remained in the possession of the Mughal rulers until the mid-18th century. In the 18th century, the Maratha rulers were at their peak and to see them, King Sawai Madho Singh of Jaipur requested the Mughals to hand over the fort to them. Sawai Madho Singh again developed a nearby village and fortified this fort and renamed this village as Sawai Madhopur.
The ruler of Ranthambore Fort Rajasthan
Prithviraj Chauhan came to power in Delhi after the defeat of Muhammad Ghori in the Battle of Tahrine in 1192 and his son Govind Raj made Ranthambore his capital. Periodic control of Valhan Dev, Prahladan, Veeranarayana, Vagbhatta, Nahar Dev, Jaimetra Singh, Hammirdev, Maharana Kumbha, Rana Sanga, Sher Shah Suri, Allaudin Khilji, Rao Surjan Hada and Mughal kings of Amer etc. apart from Govind Raj But this fort was most famous during the rule of Hammir Dev (1282-1301). The 19 years rule of Hammir Dev was the golden age of this fort. Hammir Dev Chauhan waged 17 wars, in which he won in 13 wars. For nearly a century this fort was also under the authority of the Maharana of Chittor. Rana Sanga injured in the Khanwa war was brought to this fort for treatment.
Attack’s of Ranthambore Fort Rajasthan
Directs attack on Ranthambore Fort against Akbar Rai Surjan Hada The attacks on the Ranthambore fort have also been a long story that began with the Qutbuddin Aibak of Delhi and continued till the Mughal Emperor Akbar. There was a war between Muhammad Ghori and Chauhano in 1209 for the sovereignty of this fort. It was followed by Iltutmish in 1226, Razia Sultan in 1236, Balban in 1248–58, Jalaluddin Khilji in 1290–1292, Alauddin Khilji in 1301, Firozshah Tughlaq in 1325, Muhammad Khilji of Malwa in 1489, in 1529. Maharana Kumbha attacked Bahadur Shah of Gujarat in 1530, Sher Shah Suri in 1543. In 1569, Akbar, the Emperor of Delhi attacked this fort and made a treaty with the then ruler Rao Surjan Hada through the kings of Amer.
The present of Ranthambore Fort
Symbol of many historical events and the persistence and valor of Hammir Dev Chauhan, this fort was renovated by Raja Prithvi Singh and Sawai Jagat Singh of Jaipur. Maharaja Man Singh converted this fort into a hunting ground. After independence, it became under the Durg government which is under the control of the Archaeological Survey of India after 1964.
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